Nitrous Oxide Plants
Nitrous oxide gas is a colorless
gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, with a sweet odour
and taste. It is non-flammable gas but supports combustion. The
nitrous oxide decomposes into impurities and oxygen when it is
exposed to higher temperature. It is moderately soluble in water,
alcohol and oils and is widely known as laughing gas.
Nitrous oxide gas has become widely accepted standard anesthetic
agent for distinct medical operations.
SS Gas Lab nitrous oxide plants are safe and economical in
functionality. The efficient generation system configured in our
plant reduces the power consumption, other impurities and adds on to
safety. Our plant ensures safe and secure separation of nitrogen.
The nitrous oxide is manufactured in compliance with the industrial
standards. It is stored in liquid state and can be directly filled
into the cylinders.
Uses of nitrous oxide gas
Nitrous oxide gas is mainly used for anesthetic
purposes. With the increase in standard of living of third world
countries nitrous oxide consumption is bound to increase.
Applications of nitrous oxide gas are listed below:
- The gas can be used as a propellant in food, perfumes &
- It can be used for Cryosurgery.
- As an oxide gas for atomic absorption in spectrophotometry.
- As a fuel oxidant for racing vehicles.
- The oxidizing property of N2O is helpful for etching
Heating ammonium nitrate (even technical grade)
to high temperature in a melter under controlled conditions produces
nitrous oxide gas. The molten ammonium nitrate is transferred into a
combustion pot where it is decomposed according to the reaction:
NH4NO3 --------- N2O + 2H2O
The reaction needs to be handled carefully. If temperature of
ammonium nitrate is allowed to go beyond a certain point then this
reaction gives different gases.
Our nitrous oxide plant is designed to give a yield of nitrous
oxide gas and our gas passes European standard of purity. Our plants
eleminates acidic, basic and other impurities and the gases are
washed successfully in the solutions of caustic soda, acid and other
The steam generated during the process is condensed in the primary
scrubber. The moisture & traces of ammonium nitrate are
separated in the mist separator.
The gas containing some nitrogen is stored in the gas balloons.
This gas is compressed, dried refrigerated and then stored in the
high pressure storage vessels. The liquid N2O is drawn by weight. In
a low pressure nitrous oxide plant, after refrigeration the gas is
stored and then analyzed in the laboratory from each batch. All this
is to ensure that the quality of the final product and proper
records are duly maintained.
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