Post-Combustion Carbon Capture & Air Pollution

Author: Keshav Goela      Posted on: 21-06-22

Current global warming scenario is an after effect of CO2 emission from fossil fuel combustion and human activity. Severe GreenHouse Gas (GHG) emissions have ushered in the need for critical thinking and action to reduce GHG emissions and to protect the environment for future generations.

There is an immediate need for sustainable and cost effective technologies to capture CO2 from flue gases and convert it to a useful energy source. We need a solution that can minimize the amount of amine consumption and still provide a net zero greenhouse gas emission.

GAS LAB has developed some of India's pioneering CO2 capture systems and continues to have an active research and development programme in this area.

The Challenge

One of the most significant greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide (CO2). The combustion of fossil fuels is the most significant source of anthropogenic CO2 that has contributed to the rise in atmospheric concentrations since the industrial revolution. These emissions are predicted to contribute significantly to global climate change, which is already creating serious effects for ecosystems and humans. These emissions should be limited in this situation in order to minimize climate change. Global nations are already making efforts to limit CO2 emissions and move towards NET ZERO emissions. However, there is a need for cost effective, sustainable technologies to capture CO2, if we have to meet the challenge of climate change.

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a technological concept that aims to reduce CO2 emissions into the atmosphere as a result of various industrial processes, particularly the use of fossil fuels (primarily coal and natural gas) in power generation, as well as combustion and process-related emissions in industrial sectors.

Another point of view that is largely discussed is, the implementation of CO2 capture at power plants and major industrial sources may have an impact on local and transboundary air pollution, specifically the production of critical atmospheric emissions such as SO2, NOX, NH3, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), and Particulate Matter (PM2.5 and PM10). The literature suggests that using CCS can have both beneficial and negative effects on overall air quality. The scientific evidence for both points of view is growing rapidly.

As governments establish GHG mitigation action plans, the possible connection between CO2 collection and air quality targets is critical. External and unintended trade-offs in air quality, as well as co-benefits of CCS implementation, should be understood before adopting this technology on a broad scale.

Current Scenario of Carbon Capture Technologies

Several technical approaches for CO2 separation and capture are now being studied, including carbon capture from post-combustion, pre-combustion, oxy-combustion, chemical looping combustion (CLC), and ambient air.

Post-combustion capture involves separating CO2 from flue gases that have a low CO2 partial pressure (0.03–0.2 bar) and/or a low CO2 concentration (3–20 percent). Carbon capture from some industrial sources, such as cement manufacturing and stainless steel factories, can also be classified as post-combustion capture, despite the fact that the CO2 concentration in those industrial processes is higher than that of a typical flue gas from post-combustion power plants. The chemical absorption-based aqueous amine solution, such as monoethanolamine (MEA) solution, is the commercially available post-combustion capture process. For existing coal-fired power plants, post-combustion capture is seen as a more practical option.

GAS LAB Carbon Capture Units for Post-combustion

GAS LAB has pioneered some of the most innovative carbon capture and utilisation technologies, extending the environmental viability of traditional energy sources such as coal, natural gas, and oil.

• Get a full suite of cutting-edge carbon capture technologies that increases the viability of low-cost carbon capture.

• End-to-end CCS solutions for the chemical, oil and gas, and power industries are available from a single source.

• With our particularly built flue-gas-based CO2 capture you may achieve your NET ZERO targets.

• Retrofitting existing plants for long-term sustainable CO2 capture

GAS LAB has been a leader in designing and developing low-cost, low-maintenance CO2 capture solutions for carbon capture and sequestration from a variety of industries, including power generation, petrochemical facilities, and cement manufacturing.

With over six decades of proven expertise in having delivered application driven CO2 solutions across 25 countries, GAS LAB is a market leader in offering innovative solutions for CO2 capture from flue gases and other sources for a sustainable future. Our Ministry of Science approved, in-house research center has been at the forefront of some of the most cutting edge research and development in CO2 capture technologies.

Contact us for more information!